Episiotomy During Normal Delivery – Manipal Hospital

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Episiotomy During Normal Delivery: During pregnancy your baby grows in the womb and is nourished by the placenta. When it is ready to be born, the mother goes into labor. The uterus contracts to push the baby out into the expanding vagina.

Why is an episiotomy performed?
This procedure is performed to prevent spontaneous tears during delivery.

Main reasons for an episiotomy are:

• The baby is too large or in the breech position
• Labor is going too quickly
• Extraction instruments need to be used.
It is also used to speed up delivery when the labor is going too slow, or if the mother or baby are in distress.

How is it performed?

During an episiotomy, several incisions are made in the perineum between the vagina and the anus. These openings make the delivery easier and smoother by widening the opening.

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