The Science Behind Artificial Sweeteners | Are They Safe? Are They Making Us Fat?

Stephanie Buttermore · 216,852 просмотров
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Time Stamps:

▹Acceptable Daily Intake Explanation‣ 2:07
▹Aspartame ‣ 3:07
▹Sucralose ‣ 6:33
▹Acesulfame Potassium ‣ 7:54
▹Saccharin ‣ 10:08
▹Stevia ‣ 10:55
▹Weight Gain/Increased Appetite ‣ 12:47


References:

•National Cancer Institute- Artificial Sweeteners and Cancer
▹https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/diet/artificial-sweeteners-fact-sheet
•American Cancer Society – Aspartame
▹https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/aspartame.html
•Magnuson et al., 2016 – Biological fate of low-calorie sweeteners
▹https://academic.oup.com/nutritionreviews/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/nutrit/nuw032
•Mallikarjun & Sieburth, 2015 – Aspartame and Risk of Cancer: A Meta-analytic Review
▹http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19338244.2013.828674?scroll=top&needAccess=true
•Sharma et al., 2016 – Artificial sweeteners as a sugar substitute: Are they really safe?
▹https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4899993/
•Ma et al., 2009 – Effect of the artificial sweetener, sucralose, on gastric emptying and incretin hormone release in healthy subjects
▹https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2670679/
•Bian et al., 2017 – The artificial sweetener acesulfame potassium affects the gut microbiome and body weight gain in CD-1 mice
▹http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/authors?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0178426
•Urban et al., 2013 - Steviol glycoside safety: Is the genotoxicity database sufficient?
▹http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691512007533?via%3Dihub
•Tate et al., 2012 – Replacing caloric beverages with water or diet beverages for weight loss in adults
▹https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22301929
•Anton et al., 2010 – Effects of stevia, aspartame, and sucrose on food intake, satiety, and postprandial glucose and insulin levels
▹https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2900484/
•Fitch & Keim, 2012 – Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Use of Nutritive and Nonnutritive Sweeteners
▹http://jandonline.org/article/S2212-2672(12)00325-5/fulltext
•Schiffman et al., 1987 – Aspartame and Susceptibility to Headache
▹http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM198711053171903

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AYOOO!! My name is Stephanie Buttermore and in a few words I am a fitness enthusiast but a scientist at heart!

Just obtained my Ph.D. in pathology and cell biology with a research focus on the molecular mechanisms that drive ovarian cancer progression. Hope you stick around! xoxo

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